Fluoridation is a process of adjusting the concentration of fluoride in drinking water to a level that provides the optimal dental benefits. This level is called the optimal concentration and is set well below the maximum acceptable concentration. Health Canada has established the guideline for fluoride in drinking water as a maximum acceptable concentration of 1.5 milligrams per litre. Water containing fluoride at, or below, this maximum acceptable concentration does not pose a risk to human health.
Many studies have shown that fluoridated drinking water is a safe, effective and cost effective public health measure which significantly reduces the number of cavities in children's teeth. Fluoride is used in many communities across Canada, spanning most provinces and territories. About 45 per cent of Canadians receive fluoridated water. LINK to Health Canada.
Click here to download ADA Clinical Recommendations more information about Fluoride.
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Everyone is affected by their oral health. Good oral health is a key component to a healthy life because it affects how we eat, speak and how we relate to each other with confidence in our healthy smiles. Pain and infection that may arise from oral diseases can affect our capacity to function as full members of society. For example, if you are kept from going to school, or from getting a job because of the condition of your teeth and mouth, then it may have economic and social impacts in your life. In some extreme cases, oral diseases can cause severe disability or even death, as is the potential with oral cancer. While oral conditions are important in and of themselves, there is an increasing awareness regarding their contribution to the incidence and severity of other diseases. Conditions that may be affected by poor oral health include diabetes, respiratory diseases and cardiovascular health. For all of these reasons, it is important that Canadians, and Canadian public, private and professional policy makers become informed as to the extent and severity of oral health conditions in Canada. It is the responsibility of the public health system to provide information on the nation’s health status, in this case the oral health status, so that appropriate efforts can be taken to reduce the burden of illness for the benefit of all Canadians.
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